The vertebrae in your spine are separated by discs filled with fluid that help cushion the vertebrae from impact and rubbing against one another. When one of these discs bursts and the fluid puts pressure on the nerves in the spine, it’s known as a herniated disc.
A herniated disc is a common condition that affects millions of people every year. It can occur as a result of aging, tense or weak muscles, or physical impact. Regardless of the cause, when you have a herniated disc, it can be difficult to live out your daily life without pain.
Treatments for herniated discs may include physical therapy and medications, but these methods are not always effective. In some cases, orthopedic surgery is the right treatment. Take a look below at three frequently performed surgical procedures for treating herniated discs:
This is a procedure that is typically used to repair herniated discs in your lower back. The objective of a microdiscectomy is to remove only a small portion of the herniated disc to reduce pressure off the nerves in your spine. This procedure is generally a preferable option because it can be minimally invasive, which reduces risks and improves the quality of your recovery.
2. Spinal fusion
When multiple herniated discs need to be removed, the surrounding vertebrae require additional support. Spinal fusion joins two or more vertebrae together to provide support and reduce pressure off the nerves in the spine. This procedure can help reduce pain and improve range of motion in the spine.
3. Total disc replacement
When one disc is herniated, surgeons have the option of removing it and replacing it with an artificial disc. This helps reduce the pain the damaged disc is causing and provides cushion and support for the vertebrae around the disc. Surgeons will perform other procedures instead if more than one disc is damaged.
Visit the iRISE Spine and Joint Institute for herniated disc treatment
Do you have chronic back pain or sudden pain as the result of an injury? Our orthopedic specialists can examine your spine and find out if your pain is related to a herniated disc and recommend an appropriate treatment. Contact our team today to learn more about treating herniated discs or to schedule an initial appointment.